Tag Archives: Disease

Chocolate Intake Is Associated With Reduced All-Cause And Cause-Specific Mortality Risk

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Papers referenced in the video: Chocolate consumption and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a US population: a post hoc analysis of the PLCO cancer screening trial https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34329196/

Short-term administration of dark chocolate is followed by a significant increase in insulin sensitivity and a decrease in blood pressure in healthy persons https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15755830/

Other RCTs for the effect of chocolate on health: Sub-Chronic Consumption of Dark Chocolate Enhances Cognitive Function and Releases Nerve Growth Factors: A Parallel-Group Randomized Trial https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31744119/

Habitual cocoa intake reduces arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women regardless of intake frequency: a randomized parallel-group study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27881914/

High Flavonoid Cocoa Supplement Ameliorates Plasma Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Levels While Improving Mobility and Quality of Life in Older Subjects: A DoubleBlind Randomized Clinical Trial https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31056655/

Dietary epicatechin improves survival and delays skeletal muscle degeneration in aged mice https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30096038/

USDA flavonoid database https://www.ars.usda.gov/arsuserfiles/80400525/data/flav/flav_r03-1.pdf

Which Gut Bacteria Are Associated With Poor Health, And How Can We Limit Them?

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Papers referenced in the video:

Human microbiome: an academic update on human body site specific surveillance and its possible role https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32524…

Taxonomic signatures of cause-specific mortality risk in human gut microbiome https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33976…

The Role of Short-Chain Fatty Acids From Gut Microbiota in Gut-Brain Communication https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32082…

Inhibiting antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae by microbiota-mediated intracellular acidification https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30563…

Short chain fatty acids in human large intestine, portal, hepatic and venous blood https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3678950/

Age-Associated Changes in Gut Microbiota and Dietary Components Related with the Immune System in Adulthood and Old Age: A Cross-Sectional Study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31370…

The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28360…

Exercise Alters Gut Microbiota Composition and Function in Lean and Obese Humans https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29166..

Homocysteine Increases During Aging, But Can Be Reduced With Diet And Targeted Supplementation

Papers referenced in the video:

Bacteria Boost Mammalian Host NAD Metabolism by Engaging the Deamidated Biosynthesis Pathway: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32130…

Comparison of the effects of nicotinic acid and nicotinamide degradation on plasma betaine and choline levels: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27567…

Total plasma homocysteine and cardiovascular risk profile. The Hordaland Homocysteine Study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7474221/

Total plasma homocysteine values among elderly subjects: findings from the Maracaibo Aging Study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16959…

Hyperhomocysteinemia as a Risk Factor and Potential Nutraceutical Target for Certain Pathologies: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…

Hyperhomocysteinemia and risk of incident cognitive outcomes: An updated dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30826…

Association between Homocysteine Levels and All-cause Mortality: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies: https://www.nature.com/articles/s4159…

The Gut Microbiota Affects Health and Aging (Interview with Modern Healthspan): Parts I-VIII

Here’s the first interview clip (of a series) with Modern Healthspan on YouTube where we discuss the role of the microbiome on health and longevity:

Part II: Skin, Oral Microbiome & Immune System

Part III: Optimal Health with Soluble Fiber

Part IV – Microbial Burden & Hallmarks of Aging

Part V: Spermidine & Immune Support

Part VI: Optimal HDL & LDL

Part VII: Nuts, Seeds & Saturated Fat Intake

Part VII: My Exercise Approach for Longevity

LDL Cholesterol: What’s Optimal For Health And Longevity?

LDL is arguably the most debated biomarker in terms of what’s optimal for health. In the video, I present data showing that 100 – 140, not 50 – 70 mg/dL may be optimal in terms of minimizing disease risk and maximizing longevity.

Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes: What’s Optimal For Health And Longevity?

White blood cells (WBCs) comprise many different cell types, including neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.

Neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes account for ~99% of WBCs, and accordingly, in the video I propose optimal ranges for these cell types in terms of health and longevity.

HDL: What’s Optimal For Minimizing Disease Risk And Maximizing Longevity?

Meta-analysis for the association between HDL with all-cause mortality risk has identified HDL levels 55 – 60 mg/dL range as optimal. However, that data includes subjects up to 85y-in the video, I present data for 85y – 115yr olds that additionally suggests HDL in the 55 – 60 mg/dL range as optimal. In addition, I show my own HDL data over the past 15 years (n=34), the correlation for HDL with my diet, and how I plan on consistently increasing my 15-year average HDL of ~44 mg/dL to the 50’s.

Kidney Function: The Missing Link In The TMAO-Health And Disease Story?

Animal products, including meat, cheese, and eggs contain carnitine and choline, metabolites that are converted by gut bacteria into TMA, which is then converted by the liver into TMAO. Plasma levels of TMAO are associated with an increased risk of disease and death, so should we limit intake of these animal products? Separately, fish contains relatively high levels of TMAO, and blood levels of TMAO spike after fish consumption, but there is a decreased all-cause mortality risk for fish consumers. To explain these disparate findings, other factors may be involved in the TMAO-health and disease story. In the video, I discuss the impact of kidney function on plasma levels of TMAO, disease and mortality risk.

Biological Age: Optimal On A Carnivore Diet?

After going on Joe Rogan’s podcast, Paul Saladino, MD, posted his show notes, which included his blood test results. Based on that data, is his biological age optimal while on a carnivore diet?

Dietary AGE Products Impact Insulin Resistance, Inflammation, And Lifespan

Cooking foods at temperatures higher than boiling produces advanced glycation end (AGE) products, which induce insulin resistance and inflammation, and shorten lifespan in mice. Similar data exists in humans for the effect of dietary AGE products on insulin resistance and inflammation, and a higher dietary AGE product intake is associated with cancer in both men and women. Accordingly, reducing dietary AGE product intake may be an important strategy for improving health and increasing lifespan in people.